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Understanding the Composition

Composition is all about the balancing of various element within the frame. Its includes colors, tones and texture.  This is because of the composition  where snapshot on phone is differentiate from great shots. In order to create good composition you need to plan it out where you place element within frame before you take a shot. Sometimes the photographers seeing the shots in the heads before he actually going to shot.


The composition rule that every photographer knows and for a very good reason: it’s simple and it works good among photographers and one of the key composition rules that many photographer use to enhance their work and that is ‘rules of third

Rules of third


The basic idea of rules of third  is that it divides your camera’s frame into thirds along the lines to make the composition work better. One third from the top, one third from the button and one third from both sides.  The rules of third is an awesome rules that help you create impactful composition and develop your perception about how to photographs creativity. To me it’s the basic rules that you develop your mind to unleash the creativity. Talk about composition, I really love this rule because its very simple and easy to use concept understand and improve your work.

As in rules of third the image break up into equal squares and where these lines intersect we call it point of interest.

The question arise why rules of third?

As beginner photographer, the rules of third the basic to improve your work because there is some reasons

  1. The rules of third helps you placing your subject at the point of interest within the frame then using several other element within frame. That explains your subject much better and visually stunning than having just  your subject in the center of the frame.
  2. Secondly the rules of third creates balance among elements and the subject within the frame.
  3. The rules of third add more complexity to your image than just placing the subject in center of the frame that give your image sense of depth rather the a usual flat image.

After understanding rules of thirds, now lets move to the elements of composition.


Balancing your main subject off center on line of interest as with the rules of third.  Balance in a photo affects how we feel when we look at it: an unbalanced photo can make us feel uneasy; a balanced photo will make us feel more relaxed. You can achieve a balance and even out the main subject’s “visual weight” by including another object of lesser importance to fill the space within the frame of your photograph.


lines have the ability to focus our attention on another part of the photo, as well as producing tension and other photographic elements. Although they’re not physical lines, they can be used as such to produce different elements like triangles and vertical lines.

There are many different types of line – straight, diagonal, curvy, zigzag, radial etc – and each can be used to enhance our photo’s composition.


Triangle provide  a great  way to combine different composition techniques, such as lines and paths, to create a more interesting photograph. The best thing about triangles is their ability to make a photo feel stable or unstable.


The  photography is a two-dimensional medium, we have to choose our composition carefully to conveys the sense of depth that was present in the actual scene. You can create depth in a photo by including objects in the foreground, middle ground and background. Another useful composition technique is overlapping, where you deliberately partially obscure one object with another. The human eye naturally recognizes these layers and mentally separates them out, creating an image with more depth.

Vantage point & framing

 shooting photographs  from different vantage point (angles). Sometimes standing, sitting or lying down on the ground etc in order to get different frame  of your subject. This simply means the you need to explore your subject from different vantage point.

 Framing are the photographic element that can be use to lead the viewers eyes into  the frame focusing them on a particular point. Frames provide a sense of depth and a path for the eyes to explore.

The world is full of  photographic creature which make perfect natural frames, such as animals, nature and landscapes . By placing these around the edge of the composition you help to isolate the main subject from the outside world. The result is a more focused image which draws your eye naturally to the main point of interest.

Framing comes in two foam

Passive frame:

Where the edges of the subject that you are photographing- its not outside the frame of the camera. The subject is fully contain within the frame

Active frame:

Where the edges of the subject is extends beyond the framing of our image and it has a different relationship to the edges and corners.


Light is what makes photographic images. When the source of light change, it creates different shapes emerge of subject .  photographs is usually defines by the source of light (sun) that what time of a day you are photographing and also depends on the position of the photographer. Landscape photographer never shoot in the mid of the day because the sun directly overhead, the amount of light is too high. They usually shoot at early morning or evening because the light is so soft at this time of a day.

Excellent lighting makes good landscape photography great. Take advantage of it, depending on the situation. For example, utilize the dramatic light after a storm or lightning strike or the wonderful glow during the golden hour. You’ll be amazed what a difference great lighting can make.


Visualization means photographer planning behind a good photograph. Visualization is all about questioning your photographic decisions. Are you focusing on the right subject, or should you search for something else? Which emotions do you want the image to convey for example change vantage point, amount of light, and elements within the frame.


Composition has the power to convey exactly  what you want to say with a photograph, guiding a viewer’s eye seamlessly across the frame. These tips just scratch the surface of the wide world of composition, but they are absolute essentials for any photographer looking to take their images to the next level.



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